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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 141, 89-101

The Phoenix radio survey: The angular correlation function

A. Georgakakis 1,2 - B. Mobasher 2 - L. Cram 3 - A. Hopkins 4 - M. Rowan-Robinson 2

1 - School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, UK
2 - Astrophysics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, Prince Consort Rd, London SW7 2BZ, UK
3 - Astrophysics Department, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
4 - Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, PA 15260, U.S.A.

Received February 11; accepted October 18, 1999


Using the Phoenix radio survey, a homogeneous survey selected at 1.4GHz and covering an area of $\approx $3deg2, we analyse the clustering of the sub-mJy radio population using angular correlation function analysis. Extensive simulations are carried out to investigate the significance of the estimated angular correlation amplitudes. Our analysis show that for the S1.4>0.5mJy sub-samples the radio source distribution is anisotropic at the 2$\sigma $ significance level. Additionally, we estimate upper limits for the angular correlation amplitudes that, despite the large uncertainties, are in good agreement with the amplitude estimates for sources brighter than 1mJy, detected in the FIRST radio survey (Cress et al. 1997). Adopting a radio luminosity function and assuming an evolving spatial correlation function of the form $\xi(r)=(r/r_0)^{-\gamma}
(1+z)^{-(3+\epsilon)}$, with the evolution parametrised by $\epsilon $, we find an upper limit for the angular correlation length $r_0\approx9$h-1Mpc for S1.4>0.5mJy and $\gamma=2.1$. This agrees well with the value $r_0\approx6-8$h-1Mpc estimated from the FIRST radio survey for sources brighter than 1mJy. Additionally, we quantify the characteristics, in terms of areal coverage and limiting flux density, of future deep radio surveys to yield a significant correlation amplitude detection and to explore possible changes of the correlation amplitude with flux density.

Key words: galaxies: general -- galaxies: structure -- cosmology: large scale structure of universe -- radio continuum: galaxies

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