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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 131, 345-354

Metal-poor turnoff and subgiant field stars in the Galaxy

I. RGU photometry in a high-latitude field near M101

S. Güngör Ak1 - S. Karaali 1 - R. Buser 2

Send offprint request: R. Buser

1 - Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Istanbul University Observatory, Istanbul, Turkey
2 - Astronomisches Institut der Universität Basel, Venusstr. 7, CH-4102 Binningen, Switzerland

Received October 29; accepted January 2, 1998


Photographic RGU photometry for about 1800 stars down to a limiting G-magnitude of 19.5 in a high-latitude field ((l,b) = (101$^\circ$,+60$^{\circ})$) near the galaxy M101 is investigated. We use an improved variant of the classical three-color method which is based on recent UBV-RGU-photometric transforms and calibrations (Buser 1988; Buser & Fenkart 1990) and on models of the stellar density distributions of the Galactic population components.

In particular, predictions from the Galactic models of Gilmore & Wyse (1985) are employed as guides in determining the density functions from the present data, which are then used in turn to derive consistent local luminosity functions. We find that a significant fraction of the intermediate and extreme Population II stars must be (mildly) evolved (rather than main-sequence) stars whose higher-luminosity nature cannot be inferred from their two-color positions only. This conclusion is also consistent with results obtained from combined RGU-photometric and proper motion data in two other Basel fields by Buser & Chiu (1981a,b), as well as from detailed model-calculations for the larger survey of RGU-data in seven high-latitude fields by Buser & Rong (1995) and Buser et al. (1998a).

Key words: Galaxy: structure of -- Galaxy: stellar content of -- Galaxy: solar neighborhood -- stars: population II

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