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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 139, 173-177

Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry

II. First laboratory white-light interferograms

J.P. Berger1 - K. Rousselet-Perraut1 - P. Kern1 - F. Malbet1 - I. Schanen-Duport2 - F. Reynaud 3 - P. Haguenauer 1, 4 - P. Benech2

Send offprint request: J.P. Berger

Correspondence to: berger,

1 - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique UMR CNRS/UJF 5571, Observatoire de Grenoble, BP. 53, F-38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
2 - Laboratoire d'Électromagnétisme Microondes et Optoélectronique UMR CNRS/INPG/UJF 5530, BP. 257, F-38016 Grenoble Cedex 1, France
3 - Institut de Recherche en Communications Optiques et Microondes, UMR CNRS/Univ. Limoges 6615, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, F-87060 Limoges Cedex, France
4 - CSO Mesures 70, Avenue des Martyrs, F-38000 Grenoble, France

Received February 25; accepted June 4, 1999


We report first white-light interferograms obtained with an integrated optics beam combiner on a glass plate. These results demonstrate the feasability of single-mode interferometric beam combination with integrated optics technology presented and discussed in Paper I [Malbet et al. (1999)]. The demonstration is achieved in laboratory with off-the-shelves components coming from micro-sensor applications, not optimized for astronomical use. These two-telescope beam combiners made by ion exchange technique on glass substrate provide laboratory white-light interferograms simultaneously with photometric calibration. A dedicated interferometric workbench using optical fibers is set up to characterize these devices. Despite the rather low match of the component parameters to astronomical constraints, we obtain stable contrasts higher than 93$\%$ with a 1.54-\ensuremath{\mu\mbox{m }}laser source and up to 78$\%$ with a white-light source in the astronomical H band. Global throughput of 27$\%$ for a potassium ion exchange beam combiner and of 43$\%$ for a silver one are reached. This work validates our approach for combining several stellar beams of a long baseline interferometer with integrated optics components.

Key words: instrumentation, astronomical interferometry, integrated optics

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