A&A Supplement series, Vol. 127, January II 1998, 217-232
Received February 10; accepted May 12, 1997
V. D'Odorico - S. Cristiani - S. D'Odorico - A. Fontana - E. Giallongo
Send offprint request: S. Cristiani
International School for Advanced Studies, SISSA, via Beirut 2-4, I-34014 Trieste, Italy
Dipartimento di Astronomia dell'Università di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy
European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via dell'Osservatorio, I-00040 Monteporzio, Italy
Spectra of the quasar PKS 2126-158 have been obtained in the range Å with a resolution and an average signal-to-noise ratio per resolution element. The list of the identified absorption lines is given together with their fitted column densities and Doppler widths. The modal value of the Doppler parameter distribution for the Ly lines is km s-1. The column density distribution can be described by a power-law with .
12 metal systems have been identified, two of which were previously unknown. In order to make the column densities of the intervening systems compatible with realistic assumptions about the cloud sizes and the silicon to carbon overabundance, it is necessary to assume a jump beyond the He II edge in the spectrum of the UV ionizing background at a factor 10 larger than the standard predictions for the integrated quasar contribution.
An enlarged sample of C IV absorptions (71 doublets) has been used to analyze the statistical properties of this class of absorbers strictly related to galaxies. The column density distribution is well described by a single power-law, with and the Doppler parameter distribution shows a modal value km s-1. The two point correlation function has been computed in the velocity space for the individual components of C IV features. A significant signal is obtained for scales smaller than 200- 300 km s-1, . A trend of decreasing clustering amplitude with decreasing column density is apparent, analogously to what has been observed for Ly lines.
keywords: quasars: absorption lines -- quasars: individual: PKS 2126-158