Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 146, Number 1, October I 2000
|Page(s)||91 - 101|
|Published online||15 October 2000|
Predicted colours for simple stellar populations
II. The case of old stellar clusters
Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, Via M. Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy e-mail: brocato, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, LNGS, L'Aquila, Italy
3 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Pisa, I-56100 Pisa, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
4 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, I-56100 Pisa, Italy
5 Associazione Euratrom-ENEA CRE, I-00044 Frascati, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Send offprint request to: E. Brocato
Accepted: 3 July 2000
This paper presents theoretical integrated colours of old stellar populations as computed adopting an homogeneous set of stellar models, covering all the major evolutionary phases of globular cluster stars. We show that adopting Reimers parameterization of mass loss rates, the choice gives synthetic CM diagrams of simple stellar populations in agreement with the typical dependence of globular cluster CM diagrams on metallicity. We present theoretical , , and integrated colours for cluster metallicity in the range to 0.02 and for age between 8 and 15 Gyr. The stochastic occurrence of luminous post-AGB stars is briefly discussed. We find that for an age Gyr the predicted integrated colours appear in good agreement with available data for both galactic and LMC old globulars. We discuss the uncertainties of integrated colours due to statistical fluctuations in the number of luminous stars, giving for each colour the expected uncertainty as a function of the cluster integrated V-magnitude. Comparison with Kurth et al. (1999) discloses that the still existing differences in the evolutionary results appear of minor relevance as far as integrated cluster colours is concerned. Finally, we show that reasonable uncertainties either in the cluster age or in the efficiency of mass loss have marginal effects on the predicted colours.
Key words: galaxy: globular clusters: general / galaxies: star clusters / galaxies: Magellanic Clouds / stars: AGB and post-AGB / Stars: Hertzsprung-Russel (HR) and C-M diagrams
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2000