Evidence against an association between gamma-ray bursts and Type I supernovae
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, U.S.A.
Accepted: 29 April 1999
We use a rigorous method, based on Bayesian inference, for calculating the odds favoring the hypothesis that any particular class of astronomical transients produce gamma-ray bursts over the hypothesis that they do not. We then apply this method to a sample of 83 Type Ia supernovae and a sample of 20 Type Ib-Ic supernovae. We find overwhelming odds against the hypothesis that all Type Ia supernovae produce gamma-ray bursts, whether at low redshift (109:1) or high-redshift (1012:1), and very large odds (6000:1) against the hypothesis that all Type Ib, Ib/c, and Ic supernovae produce observable gamma-ray bursts. We find large odds (34:1) against the hypothesis that a fraction of Type Ia supernovae produce observable gamma-ray bursts, and moderate odds (6:1) against the hypothesis that a fraction of Type Ib-Ic supernovae produce observable bursts.
Key words: gamma–rays: bursts / stars: supernovae, general
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 1999