This article has an erratum: [https://doi.org/10.1051/aas:1999255]
Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 136, Number 2, April II 1999
|Page(s)||407 - 418|
|Published online||15 April 1999|
BeppoSAX Low-Energy Concentrator Spectrometer background subtraction techniques
Astrophysics Division, Space Science Department of ESA, ESTEC, Postbus 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
2 Pembroke College, University of Oxford, St Aldates, Oxford, OX1 1DW, UK
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, D-85740 Garching bei München, Germany
4 BeppoSAX Science Data Center, Nuova Telespazio, via Corcolle 19, I-00131 Roma, Italy
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Southampton University, SO17 1BJ, UK
Send offprint request to: A.N. Parmar
Accepted: 2 February 1999
We present 3 methods for the subtraction of non-cosmic and unresolved cosmic backgrounds observed by the Low-Energy Concentrator Spectrometer (LECS) on-board BeppoSAX. Removal of these backgrounds allows a more accurate modeling of the spectral data from point and small-scale extended sources. At high (> ) galactic latitudes, subtraction using a standard background spectrum works well. At low galactic latitudes, or in complex regions of the X-ray sky, two alternative methods are presented. The first uses counts obtained from two semi-annuli near the outside of the LECS field of view to estimate the background at the source location. The second method uses ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC) all-sky survey data to estimate the LECS background spectrum for a given pointing position. A comparison of the results from these methods provides an estimate of the systematic uncertainties. For high galactic latitude fields, all 3 methods give 3σ confidence uncertainties of < count s-1 (0.1-10 keV), or < count s-1 (0.1-2 keV). These correspond to 0.1-2.0 keV fluxes of 0.7-1.8 and erg cm-2 s-1 for a power-law spectrum with a photon index of 2 and photoelectric absorption of and atom cm-2, respectively. At low galactic latitudes, or in complex regions of the X-ray sky, the uncertainties are a factor ~2.5 higher.
Key words: instrumentation: detectors / methods: data analysis / diffuse radiation / X-rays: general
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 1999