Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 127, Number 2, January II 1998
|Page(s)||277 - 294|
|Published online||15 January 1998|
Are metallic A-F giants evolved Am stars? Rotation and rate of binaries among giant F stars *,**
Institut d'Astronomie de l'Université de Lausanne, CH-1290 Chavannes-des-Bois, Switzerland
Send offprint request to: P. North
Accepted: 9 May 1997
We test the hypothesis of Berthet (1992) which foresees that Am stars become giant metallic A and F stars (defined by an enhanced value of the blanketing parameter of the Geneva photometry) when they evolve. If this hypothesis is right, Am and metallic A-FIII stars need to have the same rate of binaries and a similar distribution of . From our new spectroscopic data and from and radial velocities in the literature, we show that it is not the case. The metallic giant stars are often fast rotators with larger than 100 km s-1, while the maximum rotational velocity for Am stars is about 100 km s-1. The rate of tight binaries with periods less than 1000 days is less than 30% among metallic giants, which is incompatible with the value of 75% for Am stars (Abt & Levy 1985). Therefore, the simplest way to explain the existence of giant metallic F stars is to suggest that all normal A and early F stars might go through a short "metallic" phase when they are finishing their life on the main sequence. Besides, it is shown that only giant stars with spectral type comprised between F0 and F6 may have a really enhanced value, while all A-type giants seem to be normal.
Key words: stars: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: chemically peculiar / stars: evolution / stars: rotation / stars: δ Scuti
Tables 2, 3, 6 are also available in electronic form at CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 1998