Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 124, Number 2, August 1997
|Page(s)||385 - 395|
|Published online||15 August 1997|
Studies of dense cores in regions of massive star formation*
V. Structure and kinematics of dense cores from ammonia observations
Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Uljanov str., 603600 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2 Helsinki University Observatory, Tähtitorninmäki, P.O. Box 14, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
3 Max Planck Society, Research Unit “Dust in star-forming regions”, Schillergäßchen 3, D–07745 Jena, Germany
Send offprint request to: I. Zinchenko
Accepted: 26 November 1996
We present results of the observations of 17 molecular clouds associated with bright FIR sources in the (1, 1) and (2, 2) lines with the 100-m radio telescope in Effelsberg. The lines were detected in 11 clouds and 10 of them have been mapped in these lines. The kinetic temperatures, sizes, masses and mean densities of the ammonia cores have been derived. For most of the detected clouds the masses derived under the assumption of a relative ammonia abundance of are close to virial masses. However, in S 88 B the ratio is only and in a few other cases this ratio is significantly lower than unity which may indicate ammonia underabundance. Almost all objects with the signs of underabundance are among the most luminous IR sources in our sample. Most of the mapped cores are elongated with noticeable velocity gradients along the major axis. The most prominent example is S 255. S 87 has a two-component structure with 2 distinct velocity components which overlap partly spatially. In about half of the mapped sources the line widths increase near the peaks of the ammonia emission. The kinetic temperatures are centrally peaked. They reach in the centre and drop to at the edges of the ammonia emitting regions. In S 76 E a weak extended emission in the (1, 1) line at the velocity blue-shifted by relative to the core emission was detected. Hyperfine intensity anomalies in the (1, 1) transition were found in S 199 in addition to the known case of these anomalies in S 87.
Key words: stars: formation / ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules / radio lines: interstellar
Tables 5–14 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 1997