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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 142, Number 3, March II 2000
Page(s) 457 - 466
Published online 15 March 2000
DOI: 10.1051/aas:2000166

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 142, 457-466

Spectral classification systems and photometry needed in calculations for atmospheric refraction

V. Malyuto 1,2 - M. Meinel2

Send offprint request: V. Malyuto

1 - Tartu Observatory, 61062 Tartumaa, Tõravere, Estonia
2 - Dresden University of Technology, Lohrmann Observatory, Mommsenstrasse 13, 01062 Dresden, Germany

Received November 3, 1999; accepted January 5, 2000


In ground-based measurements of exact positions of celestial objects on the sky the astronomical atmospheric refraction should be taken into account. In our calculations for refraction we use the Stone code (Stone) where the mean refraction is computed by integrating numerically across the passband with Simpson's Rule. The code has been modified for the case of the 10'' LX200 telescope installed at the Lohrmann Observatory in Dresden. Tabulations of stellar spectral energy from Sviderskiene together with the quantum efficiency of the CCD detector being used, are applied. We have estimated the accuracies of stellar classification required to achieve the desirable accuracies in calculated refraction, the influence of ground-based atmospheric parameters has been discussed too. Some examples of the spectral classification systems which may provide the required classification accuracies, are given. The special case of computing differential refraction has also been considered. We justify the usefulness of photometric V-R and V-I indices in calculating refraction. Observations are planned to compare calculated and true refraction.

Key words: atmospheric effects -- stars: fundamental parameters -- techniques: miscellaneous

Copyright The European Southern Observatory (ESO)

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