Free Access
Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 138, Number 3, September 1999
Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Afterglow Era Contents Rome, November 3-6, 1998
Page(s) 417 - 418
Published online 15 September 1999
DOI: 10.1051/aas:1999290

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138, 417-418

An intrinsic anisotropy in the angular distribution of gamma-ray bursts

L.G. Balázs1 - A. Mészáros1,2,3 - I. Horváth4 - R. Vavrek1

Send offprint request: L.G. Balázs

1 - Konkoly Observatory, Budapest, Box. 67, H-1505 Hungary
2 - Department of Astronomy, Charles University, V Holesovickách 2, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic
3 - European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, Garching bei München, Germany
4 - Department of Physics, BJKMF, Budapest POB.12, H-1456 Hungary

Received December 18, 1998; accepted March 10, 1999


The anisotropy of the sky distribution of 2025 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) collected in Current BATSE catalog is confirmed. It is shown that the quadrupole term being proportional to $\sim \sin 2b \sin l$ is non-zero with a probability 99.9%. The occurrence of this anisotropy term is then supported by the binomial test even with the probability 99.97%. It is also argued that this anisotropy cannot be caused exclusively by instrumental effects due to the non-uniform sky exposure of BATSE instrument; there should exist also some intrinsic anisotropy in the angular distribution of GRBs. Separating GRBs into short and long subclasses, it is shown that the 251 short ones are distributed anisotropically, but the 681 long ones seem to be distributed still isotropically. The 2-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test shows that they are distributed differently with a 98.7% probability. The character of anisotropy suggests that the cosmological origin of short GRBs further holds, and there is no evidence for their Galactical origin. The work in essence contains the key ideas and results of a recently published paper ([Balázs et al. 1998]), to which the new result following from the 2-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test is added, too.

Key words: large-scale structure of Universe -- gamma-rays: bursts

Copyright The European Southern Observatory (ESO)

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