Free Access
Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 138, Number 3, September 1999
Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Afterglow Era Contents Rome, November 3-6, 1998
Page(s) 469 - 470
Published online 15 September 1999
DOI: 10.1051/aas:1999313

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138, 469-470

Evidence against an association between gamma-ray bursts and Type I supernovae

C. Graziani - D.Q. Lamb - G.H. Marion

Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, U.S.A.

Received December 29, 1998; accepted April 29, 1999


We use a rigorous method, based on Bayesian inference, for calculating the odds favoring the hypothesis that any particular class of astronomical transients produce gamma-ray bursts over the hypothesis that they do not. We then apply this method to a sample of 83 Type Ia supernovae and a sample of 20 Type Ib-Ic supernovae. We find overwhelming odds against the hypothesis that all Type Ia supernovae produce gamma-ray bursts, whether at low redshift (109:1) or high-redshift (1012:1), and very large odds (6000:1) against the hypothesis that all Type Ib, Ib/c, and Ic supernovae produce observable gamma-ray bursts. We find large odds (34:1) against the hypothesis that a fraction of Type Ia supernovae produce observable gamma-ray bursts, and moderate odds (6:1) against the hypothesis that a fraction of Type Ib-Ic supernovae produce observable bursts.

Key words: gamma-rays: bursts -- stars: supernovae, general

Copyright The European Southern Observatory (ESO)

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