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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 138, Number 1, July 1999
Page(s) 119 - 133
DOI: 10.1051/aas:1999267

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138, 119-133

VALD-2: Progress of the Vienna Atomic Line Data Base[*]

F. Kupka1 - N. Piskunov2 - T.A. Ryabchikova3 - H.C. Stempels2 - W.W. Weiss1

Send offprint request: F. Kupka

1 - Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstraße 17, A-1180 Wien, Austria
2 - Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, Box 515, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
3 - Institute for Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyatnitskaya 48, 109017 Moscow, Russia

Received February 17; accepted May 11, 1999


We describe the updated version of the ``Vienna Atomic Line Data Base'' (VALD, Piskunov et al. 1995) which represents a considerable improvement over the first installation from 1994. The original line lists have been complemented with critically evaluated data obtained from experimental measurements and theoretical calculations which are necessary for computing state-of-the-art line opacities in stellar atmospheres, as well as for synthesizing spectra for high precision analyses. In this paper, we present new and improved data sets for neutral species and ions of Si, P, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Y, Zr, Ru, Xe, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Re, Pt, Au, Hg, and Pb. For some species data are available in VALD for the first time. We explain our choice of quality rankings by reviewing the literature for the new data and by comparison with source lists included into VALD. For some cases, we produced new line data by weighted averaging of data from different sources with individual error estimates in order to increase the reliability of VALD line lists. Software modifications allow remote users of VALD to specify individual extraction parameters as an alternative to the default settings of the VALD team and to have direct control over the quality ranking of line data. A World-Wide-Web interface is described which provides easy access to all new features. To simplify proper crediting of all authors of atomic data, VALD now includes a compilation of all publications used in each type of reply. Finally, we briefly discuss the future roadmap of VALD developments, including the incorporation of molecular transitions and integration with external data bases.

Key words: atomic data -- techniques: spectroscopic -- sun: abundances -- stars: abundances -- stars: atmospheres -- stars: chemically peculiar

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