Time-independent gravitational fields in the BGK scheme for hydrodynamics
Columbia University, 10027 New York, U.S.A.
2 Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 21 April 1999
We incorporate a time-independent gravitational field into the BGK scheme for numerical hydrodynamics. In the BGK scheme the gas evolves via an approximation to the collisional Boltzmann equation, namely the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) equation. Time-dependent hydrodynamical fluxes are computed from local solutions of the BGK equation. By accounting for particle collisions, the fundamental mechanism for generating dissipation in gas flow, a scheme based on the BGK equation gives solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations: the fluxes carry both advective and dissipative terms. We perform numerical experiments in both 1D Cartesian geometries and axisymmetric cylindrical coordinates.
Key words: hydrodynamics / methods: numerical / shock waves / gravitation
© European Southern Observatory (ESO), 1999