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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 140, 345-349

Visual measurements and spectral survey of night sky brightness
in Venezuela and Italy

F. Della Prugna 1,2

Send offprint request: F. Della Prugna

1 Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía CIDA, A.P. 264, 5101-A Mérida, Venezuela
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Siena, Via Banchi di Sotto, 55 - 53100 Siena, Italy

Received May 28; accepted September 9, 1999


This paper reports measurements of zenith night sky brightness and a spectral survey carried out at selected places in Venezuela and Italy. These range from large cities (Caracas and Florence) and towns (Mérida and Siena), to dark sites, such as the Venezuelan Astronomical Observatory and the Alps. Measurements were carried out visually by means of a simple photometer and spectra from 4100 to 6400 Å, were obtained by a small spectrograph. From the results obtained at the sites tested in Italy, the sky brightness increase since 1973 is given. Since in both countries there are effective regulations to fight light pollution, and more are foreseen in the near future, it is the purpose of this paper to stress the importance, and also the need, of night sky quality monitoring over time to assess the efficacy of these legal tools.

Key words: site testing -- techniques: photometric -- techniques: spectroscopic

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