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Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 137, 537-541

A new radio spectral receiving system at $\lambda =13$ mm in Urumqi Astronomical Station

X. Zheng1 - Y. Zhou2 - Z. Xu2 - J. Gong3 - S. Li4 - J.E. Ken4

1 - Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, PR China
2 - Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, PR China
3 - Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, PR China
4 - Urumqi Astronomical Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, PR China

Received January 18; accepted March 24, 1999


We describe a new radio spectral receiving system installed on the 25 m radio telescope of the Urumqi Astronomical Station in China. The receiver is conventional cryogenically cooled 22 GHz system, with the front end being a low noise HEMT amplifier. An average noise temperature of the receiver is about 50 K. The back end, however, is less conventional; it is a surface acoustic wave chirp transform spectrometer (SAW CZT), used for the first time in radio astronomy. As the prototype spectrometer, this system has a bandwidth of 40 MHz and 39.06 KHz frequency resolution. The observational results of water vapor masers demonstrate the feasibility of the SAW CZT-based spectrometer as astronomical spectral line observations.

Key words: instrumentation: detectors

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