Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 133, 201-209
K.V.K. Iyengar1 - D.J. MacConnell2
Send offprint request: K.V.K. Iyengar
1 - Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560 034, India
2 - Computer Sciences Corporation, System Sciences Division, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.
Received December 4; accepted June 5, 1998
Spectral types of a large number of unidentified IRAS Point Sources with were determined; the majority are faint, oxygen-rich (M-type) or carbon-rich giant stars. The Guide Star Catalog has been used to find the photographic magnitudes of the newly classified IRAS sources with quality-3 flux densities at 12 m in order to determine their - colour index. The dependence of this and of the IRAS indices on spectral type is determined and discussed.
The mean - colour of the M-type stars is found to increase monotonically from M3 to M6 and then levels off. Comparison of the - colours of these faint IRAS M stars with those of Bright Star Catalog M stars indicates that, at all types, the mean - index of the former group is higher than that of the latter by at least 0.2 magnitude, and this is found to be significant at the 95 confidence level. Comparison of the quality-3, mean - colours of the newly-classified, faint M stars with those of BSC stars over the same spectral type also shows the same trend. Possible reasons for this difference are discussed.
The percentage of variable sources as a function of spectral type is seen to sharply increase from a nearly constant value of about 25 for sources of spectral type M3 to M7 to a value of about 50 at M10. The mean - colours of the IRAS unidentified sources (within the limits of the errors on their mean values) appear to be rather insensitive to the degree of variability.
Key words: stars: AGB -- stars: carbon -- stars: late-type -- stars: mass-loss -- infrared: stars
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