A&A Supplement Series, Vol. 125, October II 1997, 263-287
Received October 14; accepted December 23, 1996
D. Montes - M.J. Fernández-Figueroa - E. De Castro - J. Sanz-Forcada
Send offprint request: D. Montes
Departamento de Astrofısica, Facultad de Fısicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
This is the first paper of a series aimed at studying the chromosphere of active binary systems using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features. Simultaneous H, Na I D1, D2, and He I D3 spectroscopic observations are reported here for 18 systems. The chromospheric contribution in these lines have been determined using the spectral subtraction technique. Very broad wings have been found in the subtracted H profile of some of the more active stars. These profiles are well matched using a two-components Gaussian fit (narrow and broad) and the broad component could be interpreted as arising from microflaring. Prominence-like extended material have been detected in a near-eclipse H observation of the system AR Lac. The excess emission found in the Na I D1 and D2 lines by application of the spectral subtraction technique and the behaviour of the H line in the corresponding simultaneous observations indicate that the filling-in of the core of these lines is a chromospheric activity indicator. For giant stars of the sample the He I D3 line has been detected in absorption in the subtracted spectra. An optical flare has been detected in UX Ari and II Peg through the presence of the He I D3 in emission in coincidence with the enhancement of the H emission.
keywords: stars: activity -- stars: binaries: close -- stars: chromospheres -- stars: flare -- stars: late-type