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A&A Supplement series, Vol. 123, June I 1997, 279-304

Received March 4; accepted September 18, 1996

Spectrographic and imaging observations of solar type U radio bursts

H. Aurass tex2html_wrap1832 - K.-L. Klein tex2html_wrap1834

Send offprint request: H. Aurass

tex2html_wrap1836  Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Observatorium für solare Radioastronomie, Telegrafenberg A31, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany
tex2html_wrap1838  DASOP, CNRS-URA 2080, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon, France


A sample of 23 type U bursts is studied by use of spectrographic and imaging observations at decimetric and metric wavelengths (spectrograph of Potsdam - Tremsdorf Solar Radio Observatory, Nançay multifrequency radioheliograph of Paris Observatory). The radio source locations are compared with Yohkoh soft X-ray or Meudon Htex2html_wrap_inline1818 images. The main results are:

  1. The sample is consistent with isotropic emission from U bursts uniformly distributed over the disk.
  2. The configuration corresponds to bursts being emitted by electron beams in loop structures: the rising and the descending branches have spatially separated sources. Under appropriate observing conditions they can be shown to project to different sides of the neutral line of the photospheric magnetic field. Underlying plasma loop structures with the same topology could in several cases be identified in Yohkoh SXT images.
  3. On many occasions complex source patterns are observed. Type III bursts and ascending type U branches that occur together within tex2html_wrap_inline18201 s give evidence for cotemporal beam injection into structures of different connectivity. Repetitive brightenings near the site of the ascending U branch require repeated beam injection or the formation of counterstreaming electron beams in coronal loops.
  4. A majority of the events has higher starting frequency, higher flux density and a smaller source in the ascending branch than in the descending branch, but examples of the opposite situation are also found. The degree of circular polarization is generally low and difficult to measure. No systematic behaviour is recognized.
  5. Simultaneous type U bursts were found in one case with a frequency ratio near 1.7. The location of the sources during the two lanes excludes their interpretation as a fundamental - harmonic pair.
  6. Type U bursts are found in transient large-scale structures as well as in configurations that are stable over several hours. The repetitive occurrence of type U bursts with a homologous source pattern (in space and time) has been detected during up to 4 hours. Such stable conditions of the beam injection and the propagation path may be in conflict with stochastic or chaotic beam injection dynamics.

keywords: Sun: activity -- Sun: corona -- Sun: flares -- Sun: magnetic field -- Sun: particle emission -- Sun: radio radiation

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