Free Access
Issue
Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 127, Number 2, January II 1998
Page(s) 233 - 242
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/aas:1998345
Published online 15 January 1998
DOI: 10.1051/aas:1998345

A&A Supplement series, Vol. 127, January II 1998, 233-242

Received January 27; accepted May 12, 1997

An interpretation of light curves of SV Camelopardalis by the inverse-problem method

G. Djurasevic

Send offprint request: G. Djurasevic
Astronomical Observatory, Belgrade, Yugoslavia e-mail: gdjurasevic@aob.aob.bg.ac.yu

Abstract:

The paper is devoted to the problem of the determination of the orbital and physical parameters of the active eclipsing binary SV Cam on the basis of the interpretation of photometric observations made by Patkós (1982) during the period 1973-1981. The problem is solved in two stages: by obtaining a synthetic light curve in the case when the parameters of the corresponding Roche model (Djurasevic 1992a) are given a priori (direct problem), and by determining the parameters of the model for which the best fit between the synthetic light curve and the observations is achieved (inverse problem) (Djurasevic 1992b). A total of 18 light curves are analysed in the framework of the Roche model, involving one and two spotted regions on the primary component of the system (Sp G3 V), for the temperature contrast between the spotted area and the surrounding photosphere tex2html_wrap_inline514. The basic parameters of the system and of the spotted areas are estimated. Throughout the whole set of the analysed light curves, a double spot model fits the observations satisfactorily. A single spot model yields a poorer fit, where the basic system parameters obtained by analysing the individual light curves show stronger variations about a mean value. That indicates that the single spot model cannot successfully reproduce the SV Cam light curve changes during the analysed period.

According to the obtained results the spotted areas are formed at high latitudes and cover a significant part of the stellar surface. No clear cyclicity of the system's activity is noted from the analysed observations. There are some indications that spotted areas at high latitudes (above tex2html_wrap_inline516) correspond to an enhanced activity. Since the system's period is short tex2html_wrap_inline518, the presence of spotted regions at high latitudes can be explained by the dynamo mechanism for rapid rotators (Schüssler & Solanski 1992). During the analysed period the spotted areas tend to fall into a specially active longitude sectors at high latitudes, near stellar polar regions. Due to a selection effect it is possible that a more extensive observational material would correct this result to some extent.

The light curve analysis allowed an estimation of the system parameters and of the active spotted regions.

keywords: stars: activity; eclipsing binaries-stars; individual: SV Cam -- methods data analysis

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