Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 120, November II 1996, 139-152
The optical gravitational lensing experiment. Variable stars in globular clusters. I. Fields 5139A-C in Centauri
J. Kaluzny , M. Kubiak ,
M. Szymanski , A. Udalski ,
W. Krzeminski and M. Mateo
Send offprint requests to: J. Kaluzny
Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4,
00-478 Warsaw, Poland
Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 821 Dennison Bldg., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090, U.S.A.
Received January 3; accepted April 15, 1996
Abstract:Three fields covering the central part of the globular cluster Cen were surveyed in a search for variable stars. We present V-band light curves for 39 periodic variables: 24 SX Phe stars, 7 contact binaries, 5 detached or semi-detached binaries, and 3 likely spotted variables (FK Com or RS CVn type stars). Only 2 of these variables were previously known. All SX Phe stars and all contact binaries from our sample belong to blue stragglers. Observed properties of these stars are consistent with their cluster membership. Of particular interest is detection of two well detached binaries with periods P=1.50 day and P=2.47 day. Further study of these two binaries can provide direct information about properties of turnoff stars in Cen. An incomplete light curve of a Mira variable known as V2 was obtained. We present V vs. V-I color-magnitude diagrams for the monitored part of the cluster.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: NGC 5139 --- star: variables: other --- blue stragglers --- binaries: eclipsing --- HR diagram