Free Access
Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 118, Number 3, September 1996
Page(s) 503 - 515
Published online 15 September 1996
Proper motions of stars in the region of the Orion Nebula cluster (C 0532--054) DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996216

Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 118, September 1996, 503-515

Proper motions of stars in the region of the Orion Nebula cluster (C 0532--054)

K.P. Tian , F. van Leeuwen , J.L. Zhao and C.G. Su

Send offprint requests to: K.P. Tian

Shanghai Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200030, China
CCAST(World Laboratory) P.O.Box 8730,Beijing 100080, China and Royal Greenwich Observatory, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0EZ, UK

Received May 26 1994; accepted May 20, 1995


Relative proper motions and membership probabilities for 333 stars within an area of by centred on the Orion Nebula M 42 are determined using plates taken over a period of 83 years with the double astrograph of Shanghai Observatory (scale of 30 /mm). The plates were measured with the ASTROSCAN automatic plate--measuring machine of Leiden Observatory. The average proper motion accuracy obtained for stars in the photographic magnitude range 7 to 14 is 0.3 mas/yr. Errors are somewhat larger towards fainter and brighter magnitude, but the majority lie well below 1 mas/yr. 64% of the stars have been measured successfully on at least 13 out of 18 plates. The number of stars with membership probabilities higher than 0.7 is 184. It is shown by a detailed discussion that the proper motions and membership probabilities of the stars determined in this paper are in good agreement with the results presented recently by other authors. Although there is a clear concentration in the proper motion diagram, both the remaining dispersion of the internal motions and the distribution of ``members'' as projected on the sky indicate that the stars in this region are not bound as one system, but do have a common origin. A similar conclusion can be drawn from a comparison with spectroscopic and radial velocity data.

Key words: open clusters --- C 0532-054 --- astrometry

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